National parks of Iran are natural treasures that are scattered all around the country with a great variety of climate and geography. Among the dense forests, spectacular mountains, endless deserts, and ocean cliffs, it is hard to choose the most beautiful national parks in Iran.
Most of Iran’s national parks contain reserves of natural lands or specific biodiversity. National parks are the safest habitat for plant and animal species protected by the government. If you are a nature lover or interested in wild life, here we will review the most beautiful, largest, and different national parks in Iran.
#1 Golestan National Park
We start with the largest and oldest national park in Iran. Golestan National Park or Golestan Forest with an area of about 91 thousand and 895 hectares is located in the east of Golestan province and west of North Khorasan province. In 1975, this park was registered as a biosphere reserve among the 50 biosphere reserves in the world in the UNESCO list. Golestan National Park has three different types of climate: dry, semi-arid, and semi-humid. Thus Golestan park has a variety of vegetation from dry steppes to grassy plains and dense forests.
Golestan national park is full of spectacular mountains and valleys. Some of the most beautiful ones are the heights of Qaraqon, Tangeh Gol, Shakha, Yeke Qadam, Qara Gashli, Qofi Ghorchi, and Almeh valley. The most famous waterfalls of Golestan National Park are Aqsu and Jangal waterfalls. Besides, this park is full of spectacular springs and rivers. There are many species of animals identified in this national park, including Persian leopards, brown bears, foxes, jackal, Caspian red deer, cescas, Persian ibex, goitered gazelle. Golestan national park is home to half of Iran’s mammal species.
#2 Ghomishloo National Park
Ghomishloo National Park, with an area of about 86,000 hectares, is located near the west of Isfahan. Qomishloo, which means everglade, used to have a humid climate with many reed beds. However, the climate has now changed to mild and cold winters which is why this region has become a snow-covered mountainous habitat.
Qomishloo wildlife sanctuary has a valuable plant and animal wildlife. It is also historically worthwhile due to its castles and monuments related to the Qajar period. In this national park, you can see animals such as Agama, Persian hedgehog, ram and sheep, boar, caracal, rabbit, green toad. Ghomishloo is also a habitat for birds such as bees, bats, desert eagle, and black vulture.
#3 Nayband National-Marine Park
Nayband National Marine Park, with an area of about 46,000 hectares, is located in the south of Bushehr
province and near Assaluyeh in the south of Iran. This beautiful park was registered as the first national marine park in Iran. Nayband National-Marine Park consists of a valuable and unique collection of plants and animals. One of its most important features is the existence of various sandy, coral, and forest beaches.
Nayband sandy beaches are home to huge sea turtles. Its dense forests are also a suitable place for migratory birds and waterfowls in winter. As this park has various beaches, it’s one of the most valuable marine habitats in the Persian Gulf. This habitat includes coral complexes, seaweeds, numerous coves, mangrove forests, beautiful sandy beaches, rocky shores, and old fig trees of temples that make Nayband national park the most appropriate place as an ecosystem.
#4 Urmia Lake National Park
Lake Urmia National Park is located in northwestern Iran, between the two provinces of East Azerbaijan and West Azerbaijan. Urmia salt lake is the largest salt lake in Iran and an appropriate habitat for many faunas. This lake, with an area of 5,500 km, has 120 islands, Shahi island was historically the lake’s largest island. The Urmia lake national park is one of the biosphere reserves by the UNESCO.
Urmia Lake National Park, acer Anzali Lagoon, is the most beautiful natural habitat of animals in Iran. Lake Urmia was once the largest salt-water lake in the Middle East. It’s still home to many migratory birds and indigenous animals, including flamingos, white pelicans, egrets, and white head and redhead ducks. Every year this lake a3racts hundreds of tourists who bath in the water to take advantage of the therapeutic properties of this salt lake.
#5 Khojir National Park
Khojir National Park is one of Tehran’s province parks. It’s located in the east of Tehran and has an area of about 9,971 hectares. This park was built-in 1754. Acer Tehran was chosen as the capital of the country during the Qajar period, Khojir national park was protected as a royal sanctuary or royal hunting ground. Then, in 1982, the Supreme Council for Environmental Protection, designated it as a national park in Iran.
Khojir National Park consists of mountain heights and semi-high hills that are up to 2100 meters high. Some of the peaks of this region are Zelzeleh peak, Zirakchal, Sarv Kooh, Aseman Kooh. In addition to the high mountains, there are rivers such as Jajrud and springs in this area.
Khojir is located near another valuable natural area around Tehran, Sorkheh Hesar National Park. Due to their proximity, the natural characteristics of the two regions, including the type of animals and plants, are similar to each other. Nevertheless, Khojir is more untouched and intact due to its greater distance from Tehran.